A mathematician is someone who uses girolamo cardano mathematical contributions extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems. Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models, and change.

This section is on the history of mathematicians. Pythagorean School, whose doctrine it was that mathematics ruled the universe and whose motto was “All is number”. She succeeded her father as Librarian at the Great Library and wrote many works on applied mathematics. Science and mathematics in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages followed various models and modes of funding varied based primarily on scholars. It was extensive patronage and strong intellectual policies implemented by specific rulers that allowed scientific knowledge to develop in many areas.

The Renaissance brought an increased emphasis on mathematics and science to Europe. As time passed, many mathematicians gravitated towards universities. British universities of this period adopted some approaches familiar to the Italian and German universities, but as they already enjoyed substantial freedoms and autonomy the changes there had begun with the Age of Enlightenment, the same influences that inspired Humboldt. Mathematicians usually cover a breadth of topics within mathematics in their undergraduate education, and then proceed to specialize in topics of their own choice at the graduate level. Mathematicians involved with solving problems with applications in real life are called applied mathematicians.