Hebrew law provides that the Deaf have limited rights girolamo cardano deaf property and marriage. Aristotle says “Those who are born deaf all become senseless and incapable of reason. Socrates mentions the use of signs by the deaf Plato’s Cratylus.
Socrates discusses innate intelligence, and claims that Deaf people are incapable of language and ideas. Pliny the Elder publishes his Natural History. He mentions Quintus Pedius, the son of a Roman Consul. Quintus was a very talented artist who happened to be Deaf. In order to be an artist, he had to first receive permission from Caesar Augustus. St Augustine believed that faith comes by hearing and that deafness is a hindrance to faith. However, he believed that Deaf people can learn and thus are able to receive faith and salvation.
Augustine refers to bodily movements, signs, and gestures, and believed that these modes were capable of transmitting thought and belief. He implies that it is equal to spoken language. Rudolf Agricola, a Dutch humanist, believed that the Deaf could communicate via writing. He advocated the theory that the ability of speech was seperate from the ability of thought. Girolamo Cardano was the first physician to recognize the ability of the Deaf to reason and the first to challenge Aristotle’s belief that hearing was a requirement for understanding.