Menu IconA vertical stack of three evenly spaced horizontal lines. Dollar banknotes, next to computer keyboard, are seen in this illustration picture, November 6, 2017. Since it was created in 2009, Bitcoin has experienced significant highs and lows. 11,000 bitcoin dealing for the first time in history.
Bitcoin is considered the preeminent cryptocurrency in the world, but there’s still plenty of mystery surrounding its creation. Was it created by more than one person? In 2008, the first inklings of bitcoin begin to circulate the web. In August 2008, the domain name bitcoin. Two months later, a paper entitled ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’ was passed around a cryptography mailing list. The paper is the first instance of the mysterious figure, Satoshi Nakamoto’s appearance on the web, and permanently links the name “Satoshi Nakamoto” to the cryptocurrency. On January 3, 2009, 30,000 lines of code spell out the beginning of Bitcoin.
Bitcoin runs through an autonomous software program that is ‘mined’ by people seeking bitcoin in a lottery-based system. Over the course of the next 20 years, a total of 21 million coins will be released. But Satoshi Nakamoto didn’t work entirely alone. Among Bitcoin’s earliest enthusiasts was Hal Finney, a console game developer and an early member of the “cypherpunk movement” who discovered Nakamoto’s proposal for Bitcoin through the cryptocurrency mailing list. In a blog post from 2013, Finney says he was fascinated by the idea of a decentralized online currency.
When Nakamoto announced the software’s release, Finney offered to mine the first coins — 10 original bitcoins from block 70, which Satoshi sent over as a test. Of his interactions with Nakamoto, Finney says, “I thought I was dealing with a young man of Japanese ancestry who was very smart and sincere. I’ve had the good fortune to know many brilliant people over the course of my life, so I recognize the signs. In 2014, Finney died of the neuro-degenerative disease ALS. In one of his final posts on a Bitcoin forum, he said Satoshi Nakamoto’s true identity still remained a mystery to him.
Finney says he was proud of his legacy involving Bitcoin, and that his cache of bitcoins were stored in an offline wallet, left as part of an inheritance to his family. Hopefully, they’ll be worth something to my heirs,” he wrote. Nearly a year later, Bitcoin is slowly on its way to becoming a viable currency. In 2010, a handful of merchants started accepting bitcoin in lieu of established currencies.
One of the first tangible items ever purchased with the cryptocurrency was a pizza. The cryptocurrency began attracting interest from tech elites, as well. 10 million worth of bitcoin, and, in less than a year their investment had more than tripled. In 2011, the Silk Road, an online marketplace for illegal drugs, launches. It uses bitcoin as its chief form of currency.
Bitcoin is inherently traceless, a quality that made it the ideal currency for facilitating drug trade on the burgeoning internet black market. It was the equivalent of digital cash, a self-governing system of commerce that preserved the anonymity of its owner. And the benefit wasn’t entirely one-sided, either: in some ways, the drug trafficking site legitimized Bitcoin as a means of commerce, even if it was only being used to facilitate illicit trade. Two years later, the mysterious figure known as “Satoshi Nakamoto” disappears from the web. On April 23, 2011, Nakamoto sent Bitcoin Core developer Mike Hearn a brief email.